45+ Construction Tools List with Images for Building Construction

Construction tools list for building construction works such as concrete, brick masonry, leveling, wood works, floor works, slab works, brick laying, plastering etc. is provided. Every construction tool is necessary to achieve good results in the whole project. Along with these tools, the workers should also use some safety tools to prevent them from the unexpected accidents.

Construction Tools List for Building Construction

Some important construction tools and their uses are listed below:

  1. Spade
  2. Spirit level
  3. Straight edge brushes
  4. Tile cutter
  5. Trowel
  6. Vibrator
  7. Wedge
  8. Wheel barrow
  9. Bolster
  10. Boning rod
  11. Brick hammer
  12. Bump cutter/screed
  13. Chisel
  14. Circular saw
  15. Concrete mixer
  16. Cordless drill
  17. Crowbar
  18. Digging bar
  19. Pick axe
  20. Plumb bob
  21. Plumb rule
  22. Polishers
  23. Putty knife
  24. Rammer
  25. Rubber Boots
  26. Safety glasses
  27. Safety helmet
  28. Sand screen machine
  29. Scratchers
  30. Sledge hammer
  31. End frames
  32. Float
  33. Gloves
  34. Hand saw
  35. Helmet
  36. Hoe
  37. Iron pan
  38. Jack plane
  39. Ladder
  40. Line and pins
  41. Mason’s square
  42. Measuring box
  43. Measuring tape
  44. Measuring wheel

1. Spade

Spade is used to dig the soil for foundation trenches etc. It contains metal plate at the end of long wooden handle.

2. Spirit Level

Spirit level is made of wood or hard plastic with bubble tube in the middle. The bubble tube is filled with alcohol partially. So, the air bubble is formed in it. Spirit level is used in brick masonry to check the level of the surface. The spirit level is placed on surface and bubble is checked. The surface is leveled when the bubble in the tube settles at middle of tube.

3. Straight Edge Brushes

Straight edge brushes are used to provide finishing to the plastered surface especially at corners and edges of walls.

4. Tile Cutter

Tile cutter is used to cut the tiles. Sometimes, normal tile size is larger than required at the corners where floor meets the wall in that case tile cutter is useful.

5. Trowel

Trowel is used to lift and apply the cement mortar in small quantities. It is made of steel and wooden handle is provided for holding. The ends of trowel may be pointed or bull nosed.

6. Vibrator

Vibrator is used to compact the concrete by this the air gaps are filled with water and workability varies without adding water to it.

7. Wedge

Wedge is a small hard metal blade which is used to cut the rock surfaces with the help of sledge hammer.

8. Wheel Barrow

Wheel barrow is used to transport bulk weights of materials like cement, sand, concrete mix etc. it contains one or two wheels at its front and two handles at its back which are used to push the wheel barrow.

9. Bolster

10. Boning Rods

Boning rods are made of wood and they are T shape. They are used to level the excavated trench throughout its length. Minimum three boning rods are used to level the trench surface.

11. Brick Hammer

Brick hammer is used to cut the bricks and also used to push the bricks if they come out of the course line.

12. Bump Cutter

Bump cutter is used to level the concrete surfaces like concrete floors, foundations etc. It is also called screed.

13. Chain Lewis and Pin Lewis

Chain lewis and pin lewis are two different tools which are used to lift heavy stones especially in the construction of stone masonry.

14. Chisel

Chisel is generally used in wood work and this must be useful to remove the concrete bumps or excess concrete in hardened surface.

15. Circular Saw

Circular saw used to cut the wood boards, frames etc. It is used when accurate cutting is required in less time. It is safer than hand saw.

16. Concrete Mixer

Concrete mixer is machine which mixes the ingredients water, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate and cement to deliver the perfectly mixed concrete.

17. Crowbar

Crowbar is used for digging the ground and to remove the roots of trees in the ground, nails etc.

18. Digging Bar

Digging bar is solid metal rod with pin shape at the bottom. It is also used to dig the hard surfaces of ground.

19. Pick Axe

Pick axe is used to excavate the soil. It is more suitable for hard soil which is quite difficult to dig with spade or hoe.

20. Plumb Bob

Plumb bob is used to check the verticality of structures. It contains a solid metal bob connected to the end of a thread. It is also used inn surveying to level the instrument position.

21. Plumb Rule

Plumb rule is used to check the vertical line of wall whether it is perfect vertical or not. It contains a straight wood board with uniform edges. On its center a groove is provided in which plumb bob is situated. When the rule is placed vertically with the wall the plumb bob should be in the groove line otherwise the wall will not be vertical.

22. Polisher

Polisher is used to smoothen the surface of tiles, wood works etc. The smoothening makes them shine and the process is called polishing.

23. Putty Knife

Putty knife is used level the putty finishing and also used to reduce the thickness of finish when it is more thick.

24. Earth Rammer

After the excavation of ground, the lower surface may be uneven. To level the surface earth rammer is used. It contains big square shaped block at its end with which the ground is leveled.

25. Rubber Boots

During construction works, legs may damage due to contact with chemical materials like cement or physical accidents. So, for safety rubber shoes are required.

26. Safety Glasses

To prevent the eyes from dust, chemical actions of materials etc. safety glasses should be maintained.

27. Safety Helmet

The safety helmet should be necessary in construction works. Any material or structure may fall from height during construction work. So, to protect the head from injury or any fatal accident, this safety helmet should be used.

28. Sand Screen Machine

The fine aggregate used in concrete should not contain impurities or coarse particles. The sand screen machine is used to screen the sand or fine aggregate before mixing it with concrete. This screen is also used for screening fine sand for plastering work.

29. Scratchers

Plastering of a surface is carried out layer wise. Minimum 2 coats are necessary for plastering. To provide the good bond between the coats, bottom layer is scratched with a tool called scratchers.

30. Sledge Hammer

Sledge hammer is used when the ground is hard and contains rock layers. A large weighted metal head is provided at the wooden handle with which hard layers can be cracked, which makes easy for digging.

31. End Frames

Their use is similar to the line and pins. But instead of pins, L shaped frames are used at the end of thread which hold the brick work effectively and level the alignment accurately.

32. Float

Float is made of wood which is used to smoothen the plastered concrete surface. It contains handle on its top and smooth wooden surface on its bottom.

33. Gloves

Gloves are required to prevent the hands from direct contact with cement, paints etc. and to avoid injury while using machines, tools etc.

34. Hand Saw

Hand saw is used to cut the wood materials like doors, windows, slab panels etc.

35. Head Pan

Head pan is made of iron which is used to lift the excavated soil or cement or concrete to the working site etc. it is more commonly used in construction sites.

36. Hoe

Hoe is also used to excavate the soil but in this case the metal plate is provided with acute angle to the wooden handle.

37. Jack Plane

Jack plane is used in the wood work to smoothen the surface of doors and windows etc.

38. Ladder

Ladder is also required in construction works. To check slab work, to transport material to the higher floors, to paint the walls etc.

39. Line and Pins

Line and pins consists a thread whose ends are connected with two solid metal rods with pin points. It is used to level the alignment of brick course while brick laying.

40. Mason’s Square

Mason’s square is used to achieve perfect right angle at the corner of masonry wall. It is “L” shape. First course is laid properly using Mason’s square then based on the first, remaining layers of bricks are set out.

41. Measuring Box

Measuring box is used to measure the quantity of sand and aggregate used for making concrete. It is of fixed dimensions so, aggregate need not to be weighted for every time. The general dimensions of a measuring box are 300mm X 300mm X 400mm (length x width x depth). The volume of measuring box is generally 1 Cubic Feet, which makes it easy to measure concrete ratio or mortar ratio.

42. Measuring Tape

Measuring tape is used to check the thickness, length, widths of masonry walls, foundation beds, excavated trenches etc.

43. Measuring Wheel

Measuring wheel is used to measure the distances or lengths. It contains a wheel of known diameter, which record the no.of complete revolutions from which the distance can be measured. It makes the work easier.

44. Polisher

It is an electrically driven polishing machine used to polish granite/marbles. This helps to provide a very smooth surface of marbles.

45. Water Level

An U-shaped tube is used to check the level by means of the surface of water.

46. Safety Belt

Safety belt is must to work on heights.